I have been on a personal discover of art, it’s forms, techniques, styles. I want to know the men and women who have innovated the style, and color of our times. This has lead me into expressionism, spiritual realism with artists like Akiane, and now into surrealism.
A quick look into the encyclopedia we find, “Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.”
André Breton is considered to be one of the leaders of the early surrealist movement and gleans from the Dada Movement that formed out of a reaction to WWI.
Dada was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I. This international movement was begun by a group of artists and poets associated with the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich. Dada rejected reason and logic, prizing nonsense, irrationality and intuition. The origin of the name Dada is unclear; some believe that it is a nonsensical word. (Budd, Dona, The Language of Art Knowledge, Pomegranate Communications, Inc.)
André Breton defined surrealism as,
Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation.
Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life.
As I research and glean from this movement I also notice the weakness in it, the preverse, the vulgar, and a disconnection from the heart at times with various artists and their artwork. I also recognize this movements strengths, the incredible artistic skill and appeal to the spirit of a generation, a ability to communicate things the mind wrestles with but has no words for as well as a inciting visual display and humour. I have but stepped in the front door of the surrealist movement, and will continue my journey. Here are a couple of pieces from famous surrealist painter Salvador Dali.